Drugs decree wins final approval

Law downgrades marijuana to 'soft drug'

(ANSA) - Rome, May 14 - The Senate on Wednesday gave final approval to a decree that overhauls Italy's drugs laws and reclassifies marijuana as a soft rather than a hard drug.
    The decree passed a confidence vote with 155 Senators in favour and 105 against.
    The new law also effectively removes jail time as a sentence for small-time dealers, offering community service and other options in its place.
    The measure follows a supreme Court of Cassation decision in February that threw out as "illegitimate" a 2005 law that equated the possession of soft drugs to hard drugs, and was blamed as a contributing factor to severe overcrowding in Italian prisons.
    Detractors of that law, which was sponsored at the time by then-right-wing MP Gianfranco Fini and centrist MP Carlo Giovanardi, argued it violated a 1993 popular referendum in which a majority of Italians voted to decriminalize drug possession for personal consumption.
    The so-called Fini-Giovanardi law, which had been passed by ex-premier Silvio Berlusconi's centre-right government, had been challenged several times, namely for violating the European Union legal principle that the punishment must be proportional to the crime.
   

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